holy spirit in hebrew and greek

“He” and “she” may lose some of their biological gender significance in English. What do we make of it? First, in Greek and Hebrew the grammatical masculine or feminine carries a much wider range of meaning than in English, from having no indication of physical gender to being gender specific. How much we read into the gender and number of those nouns is a rather moot point. The Holy Spirit is in [en] believers when they are saved but upon [epi] them when they are baptized with the Spirit. c) In the NT Greek, masculine grammatical nouns can stand collectively for male and female gender people. d) And so (d) is true in the sense that “man” and “woman” are gendered in what they refer to. b) In English a noun or pronoun that carries connotations of physical gender usually correlates to the gender of the object; Once again, holiness does not mean perfect. ; “Man” and “woman” are gendered in what they refer to, but they are not grammatically gendered; In Hebrew thinking, the journey has just begun. Here are four key things about the “gendered-ness” of the Greek in our New Testament: Pneuma (translated “spirit”) is a neuter word in the Greek. In Hebrew the word for Spirit (רוח) (ruach) is feminine, (which is used in the Hebrew Bible, as is the feminine word "shekhinah" in rabbinic literature, to indicate the presence of God, Arabic: سكينة‎ sakina, a word mentioned six times in the Quran). Both the word "wind" in this passage and the word "Spirit" are the same word: pneuma, the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew word ruach. That brings us nicely to the issues of translating from a gendered language into a less-gendered language. Scripture was written using three languages—Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. There the spirit (feminine) was troubled (feminine verb). The first two names are unavoidably masculine. 'http':'https';if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src=p+"://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs"); Church Society is a company limited by guarantee, registered in England No. In the Old Testament it is mentioned 23 times, but in a different form: “Ru•ach Adonai,” the Spirit of God. Meaning: The Holy Spirit. "Holy Spirit", More Than Just a Controversy: All About The Holy Spirit. Well, perhaps it is because we have a male bias. An easy-to-use style plus the benefits of the Strong's Dictionary numbering system makes this study Bible one for every student of God's Word, no matter what age. The expression itself is literally “ your (God’s) Spirit of holiness” (;v=d+q* j^Wr, ruakh qodeshkha), but the Hebrew language often creates adjectival expressions by means of what is known as the construct genitive relationship between words (i.e., the construction “the…of…”; so the “Spirit of holiness” = “the Holy Spirit”). The short answer is that if this is true, then the Spirit is also an “it” since the Greek word for “spirit” (πνευμα) is neuter. Ágio Pnév̱ma. The neuter Greek πνεῦμα is used in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew רוּחַ. (Micah 3:8; Luke 1: 35) God sends out his spirit by projecting his energy to any place to accomplish his will. Become a member The word’s first use in the Bible appears in the second verse: “The Spirit of God [Ruach Elohim] was hovering over the Άγιο Πνεύμα . So perhaps “he” is correct, but recognising that in English “he” implies far more than “he” in greek or Hebrew. 1:13; 4:30) (Is. June 2020 Theologically speaking, since the Holy Spirit is God, we can make some statements about Him from general statements about God. The word spirit (from the Latin spiritus meaning "breath") appears either alone or with other words in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and the New Testament. The grammatical gender of the word for "spirit" is feminine in Hebrew (רוּחַ, rūaḥ),[1] neuter in Greek (πνεῦμα, pneûma) and masculine in Latin (spiritus). Person of the Godhead that completes the Holy Trinity: God the Holy Spirit. That’s what the word holiness means in Hebrew and Greek. To start viewing messages, select the … Some may still attempt to argue that the Holy Spirit is a person because the words holy and spirit are capitalized. Any strictly literal Bible translation would have to use "it" for the holy spirit (since it is really not a person, but God's active force , … In modern English: The Hebrew word for "spirit" (ruach) is feminine in Genesis 1:2. d) As in Hebrew, grammatically masculine nouns are used of physically male people and grammatically feminine nouns are used of physically female people. Now let’s compare those four statements with English. 213142 and a registered charity (No. The word for “spirit” (rucha, ruach) in Aramaic and Hebrew, is feminine whereas in Greek (pneuma), it is neuter in gender. Both words are commonly used in passages referring to the Holy Spirit. July 2020 [clarification needed] Foremost among these groups, and the most vocal on the subject are the Branch Davidian Seventh-day Adventists. The Holy Spirit is a δύναμις, and is expressly so called in Luke 24:49, and δύναμις ὑπιστου, Luke 1:35; but we find also πνεῦμα (or πνεῦμα ἅγιον) καί δύναμις, Acts 10:38; 1 Corinthians 2:4; and ἡ δύναμις τοῦ πνεύματος, Luke 4:14, where πνεῦμα is regarded as the essence, and δύναμις its efficacy; but in 1 Thessalonians 1:5 ἐν πνεύματι ἁγίῳ is epexegetical of ἐν δυνάμει. [15], Some recent authors (1980s to present), while retaining masculine reference to Father and Son, have used feminine language for the Holy Spirit. c) Having said that, we used to use masculine-referent nouns and pronouns collectively, for example “mankind”; When we use the word holy, as in a holy person, we usually associate this with a righteous or pious person. Thus, having a Father and Mother in heaven, they see that the Bible shows that those Parents had a Son born unto them before the creation of the world, by Whom all things were created. Often, people refer to the Holy Spirit as an "it," yet Scripture refers to the Holy Spirit as a male, just as it does for the Father and the Son. a) The Greek uses three types of grammatically gendered nouns and pronouns: masculine, feminine and neuter (Hebrew just has the first two); When God has unambiguously used masculine language to reveal himself who are we to change God’s self-identification?! The term pneumatology comes from two Greek words, namely, pneuma meaning “wind,” “breath,” or “spirit” (used of the Holy Spirit) and logos meaning “word,” “matter,” or “thing.” As it is used in Christian systematic theology, “pneumatology” refers to the study of the biblical doctrine of the Holy Spirit. Question: "Is it important to know Greek and Hebrew when studying the Bible?" Although Jesus in his humanity is male in the way that men are, God in his divine being does not have male DNA and male body parts. Hille Business Estate Hence, an accurate translation of the Bible’s Hebrew text refers to God’s spirit as “God’s active force.” (Genesis 1:2) This concept is well supported throughout the Bible. What made it particularly interesting this time was the gender language. But “it” has many wrong connotations in English, especially as we believe, rightly so, that the Holy Spirit is a divine person. Pneuma is of course neuter. The holy spirit is God’s power in action, his active force. Wallace concludes that "it is difficult to find any text in which πνευμα is grammatically referred to with the masculine gender".[8]. Rather, Jesus’ words and actions in time and space reveal the eternal relationships of the Trinity. The Greek word in verse 16 that is translated as "Comforter" in the King James Bible is "Parakletos." May 2020 If we use this concept when interpreting the word holy in the Hebrew Bible, then we are misreading the text, as this is not the meaning of the Hebrew word qadosh. Tweets by @ChurchSociety Pneuma (translated “spirit”) is a neuter word in the Greek. There the Holy Spirit is referred to as “he.” On the one hand the masculine pronoun “he” could be referring to pneuma which is neuter. Jesus was saying that He would send another God sovereignly chose to have His Word written in Hebrew (the Old … September 2020 You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. The term “Holy Spirit” actually occurs only three times in the Hebrew Bible. just “holy Spirit”. But "Holy Spirit" in the original Greek is neuter and therefore the neuter pronouns "it," "itself" are used with it in the original NT Greek! The grammatical gender of the word for "spirit" is feminine in Hebrew, neuter in Greek and masculine in Latin. The B'nai Yashua Synagogues Worldwide,[36] a Messianic group headed by Rabbi Moshe Koniuchowsky, holds to the feminine view of the Holy Spirit. To the Hebrew, man is a unity. How to say holy spirit in Greek. Similarly in Genesis 45:27 Jacob’s spirit (feminine) revived (feminine). In her many studies and talks she cited numerous scholars and researchers from Jewish, Christian, and other sources. All we need is the text, the mind God gave us, and the Holy Spirit to guide us. It perfectly describes the new man that is born into when we receive Christ as our savior. The Greek Word for Spirit is “Pneuma,” In Hebrew Spirit is “Ruach” The Greek (New Testament) word for spirit is “pneuma” whereas the Hebrew (Old Testament) word for spirit is “ruach.” Both words mean: a current of air, wind, a breath in reference to either a human, demon, or the Holy Spirit of God. Because the Holy Spirit is neuter in gender—not masculine—there is no basis in the New Testament Greek text for mistranslating and interpreting the Holy Spirit as a person. What Is the Holy Spirit? In Greek the word pneuma is grammatically neuter[3] and so, in that language, the pronoun referring to the Holy Spirit under that name is also grammatically neuter. The longer answer is that Hebrew and Greek words follow what is … The basis of this claim was that the Hebrew word for “spirit” (ruach) is feminine. [45], Some scholars associated with mainline denominations, while not necessarily indicative of the denominations themselves, have written works explaining a feminine understanding of the third member of the Godhead. On the one hand we do need to accept that the Holy Spirit has chosen to use a feminine-form noun to talk about himself in Genesis 1:2. We update our blog several times a week, with news and comment on ministry, theology, the Bible, liturgy and issues of the day. The longer answer is that Hebrew and Greek words follow what is … [26] These texts were particularly significant when Christians were debating whether the New Testament teaches that the Holy Spirit is a fully divine hypostasis, as opposed to a created force. God's breath, His creative power, His Holy Ruach is responsible for all that is created: the universe, the earth, and even the spirit of man. The Feminine Gender of the Holy Spirit Addendum I The Apostle Paul's Usage of the Divine Feminine By Steve Santini Pentecost 2014 "The defining text for the … Turner, The Holy Spirit, 77. Translit: Ru•ach Ha•kó•desh. It is up to the translator to determine if the noun in question is a proper noun. Lord. Nettlehorst, professor at the, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. This important word is vastly mispronounced by many people, both leaders and laymen. I was somewhat surprised, though perhaps I shouldn’t be. The Holy Spirit—one of the persons of the Trinity, referred to as “God” in Acts 5:3-4—has many other names and titles. Is the Holy Spirit to be referred to as “she”? Meaning- As the Third Person in the Trinity, the Holy Spirit is recognized … 54 RUACH HA KOIDESH (Hebrew) “The Holy Spirit ” The Infinite Spirit of God that is Holy and expressed as a central part of the Trinity Power for All the Universe. "[11], In the Catholic Church, the Holy Spirit is referred to in English as "he" in liturgical texts,[12] however the Holy See directs that "the established gender usage of each respective language [is] to be maintained. The same position is still held in the 1992 Catechism of the Catholic Church. But we also need to jump to Genesis 41:8. Indeed, it usually doesn’t. Thus, it is argued that these Greek prepositions teach a twofold relationship of the Holy Spirit with the believer. Instead of just going with my gut response, I thought it better to go back to Scripture. Contact us Matthew 12:31-32 Reference to the strong man’s house (Isaiah 49). In the Bible, God’s holy spirit is identified as God’s power in action. now, when God created Adam, genesis says He "breathed" into Him, indicating that what He breathed into Adam was His spirit, because breath and spirit translate as the same word. Third, personal pronouns such as “he,” or “who,” are used with it. Some examples include Joy In the World;[39][40] The Torah and Testimony Revealed;[41] Messianic Judaism - The Torah and the Testimony Revealed;[42] and the Union of Nazarene Jewish Congregations/Synagogues[43] ,[44] who also count as canonical the Gospel of the Hebrews which has the unique feature of referring to the Holy Spirit as Jesus' Mother. First, it is translated “the Holy Spirit” instead of “holy spirit” even when the Greek text has no article “the.” Second, the “H” and “S” get capitalized, indicating a proper noun, even when there is no reason in the Greek text or context of the verse to capitalize them. How to say holy spirit in Greek. Is the Holy Spirit mentioned as God and third person of the godhead in the Hebrew and Greek Bible? The short answer is that if this is true, then the Spirit is also an “it” since the Greek word for “spirit” (πνευμα) is neuter. Let us know what you think on our Facebook page, January 2021 In Christian theology, the gender of the Holy Spirit has been the subject of some debate in recent times. The Holy Spirit is a she. In the English we use the same word ‘another’ in both instances, but in the Greek there were two words to show this subtle difference. But we must continue with two careful qualifications. What follows are a total of 157 verses in which the Greek and Hebrew words for "soul" and "spirit" are used in ways that do not fit in with this common conception of the nature of man. There was real meaning in calling the Spirit 'She'. Perhaps we go to John 16:13 and 14. Once the … These songs made many mentions of “God”, little (or no) mention of the Father and the Son, and, in two instances, addressed the Holy Spirit as “she.”. We also cannot avoid the fact that Jesus describes his Father as “the Father” and himself as “the Son.” These are not just randomly chosen names as if he could have chosen mother and daughter if he so liked. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit" (John 3:8). PARAKLETOS: A Greek Word for Holy Spirit. We might once again be able to rejoice in the unchanging truths that the Father is truly the Father of the Son and that the Holy Spirit, as the Spirit of the Father and Son, can be referred to, in English, as “he”. That said, it does raise an important question of whether our human spirit is gendered to match our physical gender. [47], In Christian iconography, the Holy Spirit is most often represented as a dove. We will briefly look at the first two and then concentrate on the passage in Mark. Nettlehorst. (See Lee Gatiss’ article: Is God a She?). The word’s first use in the Bible appears in the second verse: “The Spirit of God [Ruach Elohim] was hovering over the Most of them indicate an aspect of His function in, or ministry through, the Christian’s life. WD24 4AE, About us 249574) We should all study the Bible using whatever resources we have and trust God to guide us in our journey. For instance in Mark 2:8 “Jesus knew in his pneuma”. The persons of the Trinity are distinguished by the fact that they are Father, Son and Holy Spirit. http://www.theology.edu/journal/volume3/spirit.htm, More Than Just a Controversy: All About The Holy Spirit - by R.P. [2], Even in the same language, a difference may arise relating to what word is chosen to describe the Holy Spirit. For example “cattle”, “year”, “hand”, “covenant”, “door”, “remnant”, “truth” and “sin” are all feminine in Hebrew. Qadosh literally means "to be set apart for a special purpose". The Holy Spirit was furthermore equated with the (grammatically feminine) Wisdom of God by two early Church fathers, Theophilus of Antioch (d. 180) and by Irenaeus (d. 202/3). Greek Translation. b) As in Hebrew, the grammatical gender of the noun does not necessarily imply physical gender. What then do we do in English? [3] In Aramaic also, the language generally considered to have been spoken by Jesus, the word is feminine. Their views derive from skepticism toward Greek primacy for the New Testament. All is to be righteous, all is to be good, all is to be redeemed and sanctified. Who/What is the Ruach HaKodesh? As a member of my congregation rightly pointed out, the Holy Spirit is most definitely a person and not an “it.”. The first of these, allos, is the one that is used in John 14:16 in reference to the Holy Spirit. February 2020. It's also important to know what Scripture teaches about "spirit," in order to discern and avoid deceptions done in the name of and by a Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost. We need to be prepared to admit that we might. The word “kodesh” comes from the word “kadosh” that means “holy.” Ru•ach Ha•ko•désh is mentioned 55 times in the New Testament. An easy-to-use style plus the benefits of the Strong's Dictionary numbering system makes this study Bible one for every student of God's Word, no matter what age. Jesus comes with a sign that can only be interpreted as God acting among the … Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit Read More » Find more words! It has nouns that are masculine and feminine. Both Hebrew and Greek have gendered nouns. There is also a far less common tradition of depicting the Holy Spirit in human form, usually as male. Therefore, once a person is alive in Christ through the Holy Spirit, it’s up to them to continue growing in their faith and holiness. Hebrew Word of the Day. Notice something from Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Whole Bible: Gen 1:1-2. Nick Gowers discusses the linguistic considerations in using the feminine gender for the Holy Spirit, The third person of the Trinity, gender language and translation, I attended an event recently during which we sung a number of songs - as Christians do. THE HEBREW VIEW OF THE NATURE OF MAN. A subtle but significant shift seems to be happening. Both words are commonly used in passages referring to the Holy Spirit. Some critics point out that the Greek word for "spirit," pneuma , is neuter (not gender specific) or that the Hebrew Old Testament word for "spirit," ruach , … However, when the Holy Spirit is referred to by the grammatically masculine word Parakletos "counselor", the pronoun is masculine (since the pronoun refers to Parakletos rather than pneuma), as in John 16:7-8. At which point it gets complicated. Likewise, the holy spirit is not a person simply because in some instances it is personified. In Hebrew thinking, it is what man does and not what man thinks or believes. The Holy Spirit in the Tanakh Read More » ... Erickson admits the idea is nonsense – therefore we must believe it). Watford, UK Also, in Hebrew the verbs attached to those nouns take on the gender of the noun with which they are connected. The Hebrew language phrase ruach ha-kodesh (Hebrew: רוח הקודש, "holy spirit" also transliterated ruacḥ ha-qodesh) is a term used in the Hebrew Bible and Jewish writings to refer to the spirit of YHWH (רוח יהוה). Whether that is the Holy Spirit or Jesus’ human spirit is not my point here, so much as pointing out that the gender of the greek word pneuma has no indication of the gender-identification of the person whose spirit is being referred to. Donate now and show your support for Israel. According to Wikipedia, So he was the one who decided which books make it to the New Testament and which ones don’t. However, the majority of theologians have, historically, identified Wisdom with Christ the Logos. [5] This breaking of the grammatical agreement expected by native language readers is an indication of the author's intention to convey the personhood of the Holy Spirit. Our council HEB: יֹאכְלֶ֑נּוּ בְּמָק֤וֹם קָדוֹשׁ֙ יֵאָכֵ֔ל קֹ֥דֶשׁ NAS:of it. Therefore, second, in English the gender of a noun carries much more significance than in Greek or Hebrew. But there is a further problem. [46], There was a well established place in liturgy, prayer and doctrine for the Holy Spirit as the Mother amongst the Moravian Brethren, exemplified by Count Zinzendorf especially. Our staff The Holy Spirit was furthermore equated with the Wisdom of God by two early Church fathers, Theophilus of Antioch and … So perhaps, like the Hebrew ruach, there is a case for asking whose spirit is being referred to? It is a problem of our language. The Greek New Testament, however, was written in all capital letters without punctuation and spacing between words. The basis of this claim was that the Hebrew word for “spirit” (ruach) is feminine. So, we cannot argue ruach is feminine therefore we ought to translate it “she”. so the "ah" that was added to their name was the breath of God. This imagery is found in the fourth-century theologians Aphrahat and Ephrem the Syrian. First, in Greek and Hebrew the grammatical masculine or feminine carries a much wider range of meaning than in English, from having no indication of physical gender to being gender specific. [37][38] Messianic Judaism is considered by most Christians and Jews to be a form of Christianity. This Hebrew word study uses a Greek Unicode font and the Hebrew Unicode font "David" which comes with later versions of Windows, and is printer friendly. He even speaks specifically against such a view in, For example, R.P. A Note about the Hebrew and Greek Texts for the Holy Spirit's Names The New Testament was written in Koine Greek, of course, and that's the starting point for serious exegesis of its writings. Thus, Andrei Rublev's The Trinity represents the Trinity as the "three men" who visited Abraham at the oak of Mamre[48] often considered a theophany of the Trinity. However, both of these words in Hebrew are feminine.” The Gospel of John inthe Light of Indian Mysticism, Ravi Ravindra, page 18. [27] The LDS Church believes that before we lived on earth, we existed spiritually, with a spirit body with defined gender,[28] and that the Holy Spirit had a similar body, but was to become a member of the three personage Godhead [29] (Godhead consisting of God, or Heavenly Father, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost). If the divine Son uses “he”, so should we. What Is the Holy Spirit? Donate Now. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms … Άγιο Πνεύμα. Answer: The Hebrew ruach means “wind,” “breath,” or “spirit.” The corresponding Greek word is pneuma. [50], Feminine Gender in Other Christian Groups, "In no way is God in man's image. The issue is about authority. First, in English the masculine and feminine pronouns carry more biological or physical weight than they do in the Greek and Hebrew. For instance in Mark 2:8 “Jesus knew in his pneuma”. In Genesis 1:2, the verb for hovered takes on the feminine of the noun. The Hebrew Ruach HaKodesh and the Roman Holy Spirit are two different concepts of the power of the Creator; the former sees Ruach HaKodesh as the creative force, the power of the Creator through which everything came into existence, while the latter sees it as the “third person” of the “Holy Trinity”: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, three persons in one God, all Gods, yet they are one God. In documents produced in Syriac by the early Miaphysite church (which later became the Syriac Orthodox Church) the feminine gender of the word for spirit gave rise to a theology in which the Holy Spirit was considered feminine. Feminine-Maternal Images of the Spirit in Early Syriac Tradition, by Emmanuel Kaniyamparampil, O.C.D. Let me demonstrate with the Greek. The next step, as suggested by the Church of Sweden, will be our liturgy. So, Genesis 1:2 could be legitimately translated, “the Spirit of God she was hovering over the face of the waters…”. [3] Most English translations of the New Testament refer to the Holy Spirit as masculine in a number of places where the masculine Greek word "Paraclete" occurs, for "Comforter", most clearly in the Gospel of John, chapters 14 to 16. Nettelhorst, Chapter Seven - Pneumatology: Doctrine of the Holy Spirit, Appendix 3 -The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament - The Occurrences of Spirit, "Gender Is an Essential Characteristic of Eternal Identity and Purpose", Ensign, Oct. 2008, 67, "Strengthening the Family: Created in the Image of God, Male and Female", Ensign, Jan. 2005, 48–49, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. רוּחַ הַקֹּדֶשׁ. There are 3 passages that we have to consider. For example “gold” and “frankincense” are both masculine and “myrrh” is feminine; HOLY SPIRIT (Hebr. So, my discomfort with our songs at the conference is, it seems, a fair one. Which leads us to the Spirit in the New Testament. This word is frequently translated as "holy," another abstract word. But the gender of a word in Greek or Hebrew has nothing to do with gender identity. Both the word "wind" in this passage and the word "Spirit" are the same word: pneuma, the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew word ruach. The point is clear: the Hebrew noun might be grammatically feminine but that doesn’t mean the thing itself is feminine or indeed necessarily has feminine characteristics. [4], William D. Mounce argues that in the Gospel of John, when Jesus referred to the Holy Spirit as Comforter (masculine in Greek), the grammatically necessary masculine form of the Greek pronoun autos is used,[5] but when Jesus speaks of the Holy Spirit as Spirit, grammatically neuter in Greek,[6] the masculine form of the demonstrative pronoun ekeinos ("that masculine one") is used. Acts 16:7 may help here. But also in Genesis 1:2 the Spirit is the Spirit of God and “God” there is a masculine plural noun. He is neither man nor woman. Therefore, second, in English the gender of a noun carries much more significance than in Greek or Hebrew. And in Syria, where for four hundred years the word Holy Spirit was ruha, a feminine word derived from the Hebrew ruach, and where the Holy Spirit was described as Mother, complementing the parental imagery of Father and Son in the Trinity, the association of feminine language with heresy led authors to assign masculine gender to the word—grammatical nonsense but evidence of the theological desire to … That means in English we are in danger of importing too much into the gender language for God in the Bible. So perhaps, like the Hebrew ruach, there is a case for asking whose spirit is being referred to? Understanding the Hebrew word ruach (and its Greek counterpart pneuma) is central to understanding why Yeshua is called "Messiah" (Mashiach, Christos). 132 St Albans Road Sermon Delivered 1-1-05 Part Two, Messianic Judaism - The Torah and the Testimony Revealed - Haas genealogy, "The Union of Nazarene Jewish Congregations/Synagogues", "Lecture at Moravian Theological Seminary", http://divinebalance.org/ebooks/finding_holy_spirit_mother.php, More Than Just a Controversy: All About the Holy Spirit, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gender_of_the_Holy_Spirit&oldid=995591922, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from March 2011, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 22:06. [citation needed], In 1977, one of their leaders, Lois Roden, began to formally teach that a feminine Holy Spirit is the heavenly pattern of women. But we can also argue that the masculine pronoun is actually referring back to “the helper” in 16:7 (paraclete in Greek) which is a masculine noun. It is found in earlier writings of Syriac Christianity such as the Odes of Solomon[9] and in the Gnostic early-third-century Acts of Thomas. There is an overlap.) Those first three and fundamental differences immediately gives us a number of implications. Greek Translation. In English, the only alternative to “he” or “she” is “it” and “it” usually implies an impersonal object (babies sometimes being an exception). In the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints gender is seen "as an essential characteristic of eternal identity and purpose". Cookies Policy That goes for whatever theological persuasion we might be. December 2020 It shall be eaten in a holyplace; KJV:thereof: … If that is the case then there is a strong argument for using “he” of the Spirit. In a strange twist of irony, as our culture leaves the binary gender goal posts and heads onto the vast muddy gender-fluidity playing field it might actually help us with translation.

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