Answer. They are assigned on the basis of their specialisation. Coordination is the essence of management or manager ship, for the achievement of harmony of individual effort towards the accomplishment of group goals is the purpose of management. Coordination is seldom deemed a separate role of management. The absence of this will create suffocating conditions in which it would be difficult for any person to stay r for long in the organization. For such coordination, effective communication at all levels is essential. Co-ordination not improves the morale and job satisfaction of employees and improves the efficiency of operations. 8. Managerial Hierarchy – Managerial Hierarchy in the organisation is also responsible for coordination. So in short we can say without coordination no company can work efficiently and earn profit. Lack of co-ordination results in inefficiency poor morale and greater wastage of resources. Various departments or sections are assigned different tasks to perform. The process by which a manager synchronizes the activities of different department is known as coordination. Diversified and specialised activities under the principle of division of labour leading to an extreme specialisation, demand special attention to co-ordination. Henry Fayol considers coordination as a function of Manager. Co-ordination can certainly be achieved at planning stage. My postulate is that this capability can be explained by the proper balance between coordination and collaboration, enabled by a co-operative desire. Thus, coordination can be considered as the core function of management which ensures that all the factors in the business … Co-ordination is to harmonise various activities of the enterprise to ensure smooth working. The executives are of such a quality or are given such a training that they are able to co-operate and co-ordinate their efforts. It is not a separate managerial function. (iv) In directing function coordination is required between superior and subordinates, between orders, instructions, guidelines and suggestions etc. Inherent complexity of large scale organisation give rise to problems of co-ordination and controls. it is common thread that runs through all activities such as purchase, sales, production and finance to ensure continuity in the working of the organization. Managing life means getting things done to achieve life's objectives and managing an organization means getting things done with and through other people to achieve its objectives. 1. 10. Louis A. Allen also regards coordination as one of the separate managerial functions. (ii) While performing organising function, there is a need to have co-ordination between authority, responsibility and accountability at different levels. Co-ordination is an all-inclusive concept. Management aims at coordination of activities: Coordination is the essence of management. Every forecast is not cent percent perfect and accurate, due to some natural calamities like heavy rains, floods, droughts, earth quakes and certain abnormal changes in the behaviour of individuals and groups in organisation. Whatever be the functions of management, coordination is required. The managers across the level have to consciously exercise co-ordination. If other managers feel some difficulties then they will explain it and mutually accepted decisions will resolve the difference. iii. 2. Cooperation – When the individuals of the organisation help each other voluntarily, coordination become easier. In 10 years I need to save enough to retire. 4. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Economics. 6. Modern organisations depend upon speciaÂlisation of functions and activities delegated to different participating individuals. When a manager groups and assigns various activities to subordinates, the thought of coordination will be upper most in his mind, the related activities are placed together to avoid delays and confusion. Management Definition: Management can be defined as the process of administering and controlling the affairs of the organization, irrespective of its nature, type, structure and size.It is an act of creating and maintaining such a business environment wherein the members of the organization can work together, and … Features 6. Coordination is the base or primary function of every manager because various departments of an organisation are working independently and there is need to relate and integrate their activities. It binds the people of the organisation and their activities to ensure a smooth functioning of the work. Yes, Coordination is indeed the essence of management. It was with this reason that classical school of thought considered co-ordination as a separate function. If production manager is to plan for his development then it will be better to consult purchase manager, personnel manager, finance manager, sales manager also. “For management, it is important to be both effective and efficient. Principles 8. He will give them directions, guidelines and instructions for doing a job assigned to them. Identify and explain the concept of management explained in the above para. When all the functions are carried out properly then co-ordination will come by itself. In other words, Co-ordination affects Planning, Organising, Staffing, Directing, Communication, Leading, Motivating and Controlling. In other words, Co-ordination affects Planning, Organising, Staffing, Directing, Communication, Leading, Motivating and Controlling. Harmonized Policies and Practices – Policies, procedure and rules serve as guidelines for decision- making in a constant manner. It is not a separate … Apart from these five functions, there is one more important function which every manager has to perform. They will feel that have earned that place. A coordinated operation is one in which the activities of the employees are harmonious, dovetailed, and integrated towards a common objective.” McFarland defines co-ordination as “the process whereby an executive develops an orderly pattern of group effort among his subordinates and secures unit of action in the pursuit of a common purpose.”. Therefore, coordination is necessary to bring unity of action in the organization. Management is innovative Management techniques are dynamic and innovative. This is a self-control technique. 3. Line authorities may prefer to cling to conservatism but staff officers may like to introduce an innovation. Ask questions, doubts, problems and we will help you. One way or the other all of us have desires of what to do in the future like the three mentioned above. The managers at all levels are concerned with achieving coordination while performing the functions of planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. Whatever be the functions of management, coordination is required. By Coordination, we mean a path through which the group functions are linked up. There should be a proper delegation of authority and responsibility at all levels of management. Co-ordination will be effective, when the following principles are followed: Co-ordinating activity should commerce from the planning stage itself. There is a difference in knowledge, experience, character and wisdom of managers. Thus, coordination is considered as the essence of manager-ship because of the following benefits it offer: 1. Coordination is considered as the essence of management because of following reasons 1. Conflicts resolved by compromise (i.e., each side giving up a little) only postpones settlement of the dispute. Coordination is achieved through systematic efforts. 2. #Management #coordination #commerce #Busimess_studies Introduction to Management | Effectiveness vs efficiency | what is Management … Objectives may overlap. (v) In controlling function coordination is required between standards and actual performance. (d) a social objective. ii. Lack of systematic method of developing and adopting new ideas and programmes act as a constraint in effective co-ordination. The controlling function itself will facilitate co-ordination because it will require the evaluation of performance of subordinates and will enable the manager to make changes if there are deviations between standards set and results achieved. By Coordination, we mean a path through which the group functions are linked up. Continuity of activities from the stage of planning through the life span of the organisation, dynamism of leaders and workers to adopt themselves to change in internal and external environment, flexible operations, simple organisational structure to rearrange the tasks and activities which are similar or dissimilar, clear-cut objectives that are to be properly understood by managers and employees as well, defining clearly the authority and responsibility to minimise conflicts, violations etc., effective communication system throughout the organisation to develop harmonious relationship amongst workers and effective leadership and supervision are the other principles of effective co-ordination. Horizontal coordination refers to coordination between horizontal departments on the same level in the managerial hierarchy. It gives one clear direction to the whole organisation and brings unity and harmony in the whole business unit. Coordination is implicit and inherent in all functions of an organisation. Following steps are advocated for overcoming the constraints in co-ordination: i. This is the synergetic effect of co-ordination. (d) To avoid inconsistencies in priorities, objectives and policies which may adversely affect the realisation of overall objectives of the company. It is an effort to ensure the objections of the business with minimum friction and maximum co-ordination among various segments of the business. The manager brings about this process as he performs the basic managerial functions of planning, organising, staffing, directing and controlling. Co-ordination suffers due to following limitations: 1. The subordinates must get proper information at the right time for enabling them to co-ordinate their work. The conflict between line and staff personnel can also be avoided through proper coordination of their efforts. In Planning, coordination is required between main plan and supportive plans of different departments. Communication Action and Meaning was … It cannot be left to chance, but the manager must constantly work at it. Yes, Coordination is indeed the essence of management. An effective communication should be in place. These elements help to explain how social realities are created through conversation and further applications and models listed below. History and orientation. He must lead them by goals which they accept as justifiable, worthy, and fair to all concerned. It also eliminates red-tapism and ensures prompt action. Ralph C. Davis looks upon coordination primarily as a vital phase of controlling. Uncertainty of future is the greatest challenge to effective co-ordination. What characteristic feature does the above para highlight? Coordination: The Essence of Management: Coordination brings unity of action and integrates different activities of organisation. Explain the importance of Controlling. This will create a sort of moral binding on the employees to work for the proper implementation of these decisions. According to McFarland “if job satisfaction are present, executives will tend to remain longer with the company. Koontz and O’Donnell, “It seems more accurate to regard co-ordination as the essence of managership for achievement of harmony of individual efforts towards the accomplishment of group goals is the purpose of management. George R. Terry and Theo Haimann consider coordination as a permeating function of management passing through the managerial functions of planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. Coordination is the energy that connects all the other functions of management. Composite and orderly effort established through team spirit and executive leadership enables employees to derive a sense of security and personal satisfaction from the job. Explain with the help of a suitable examples. It is a process which can be achieved through managerial functions. What is Management? Adopt informal means that coordination is essence management explain example, supply of different departments and protect the actual performance or refusal to the coordination is seen as imperative. It was running successfully as a leading electronic industry, especially in refrigeration industry. Without co-ordination, working cannot be harmonised. Image Guidelines 5. But there are some limitations in the area of co-ordination due to the following circumstances: 1. It is the common thread of all activities such as purchase, production, sales etc that runs through. Coordination is one of the key managerial functions and thus applies to all aspects of the organization: Economy and Finance, Informatics, Quality, Human Resources, Logistics and Transport, Organizational Management, Marketing, Services and Production.. Importance of Coordination. v. It is required in group efforts and not in individual effort. If the sales manager procures a huge order to be executed within a specified period of time without reference to the production manager or the buyer, it may turn out that the goods cannot be produced in quantities ordered within the specified time. It is a process by which the manager achieves harmonious group effort and unity of action in the pursuit of a common purpose. Coordination is the force that binds all the other functions of management. Attaining Coordination 17. 7. This is called coordination. (b) Operation of business activities in a systematic sequence. Coordination: The Essence of Management. Management should provide common direction to its employees. While staffing, the manager should keep in mind the nature of jobs and the type of persons required for managing them. Definition of Coordination. 2. Contact among the three functional managers at an earlier stage would have made it possible to know whether the order could be executed. 2. It is the essence of management ". Share 3. coordination is the force that binds all the other functions of management. The main purposes which are sought to be realized through coordination are as follows: This can be done by the coordination only. Co-ordination is difficult to be achieved under such circumstances. To the extent rules, regulations, policies, procedures and programmes are clearly laid, there would be consistency in action. Managerial Functions: Basic Functions That Should Be Performed By a Manger. Coordination – Essence of Coordination in Management. It creates synthesis of interests. There will be a need of co-ordination for setting the things right. Managers coordinate human and non-human resources, internal and external organisational environment, while carrying out the managerial functions of planning, organising, staffing, directing and controlling. Co-ordination cannot be achieved through orders. (iii) Co-ordination in staffing function is needed between nature of job and qualifications of employees and between nature of work and compensation fixed. It is required practically at all levels of management. (g) To ensure proper synchronisation of the activities of the enterprise, i.e., the actions of different departments are properly scheduled or timed, so that the various operations and processes are completed in a planned way. There would not be any misunderstanding among employees across the cadre. The co-ordination work of the manager will also become easy. It is essential that there be complete coordination, so that unity of action on the part of all is achieved. Depending upon how we define coordination, I would have to say it can be the essence of management. (c) an objective of management. A manager has to perform five interrelated functions in the process of managing an organization, which is s system made up of different inter linked and interdependent subsystems. (i) Planning needs co-ordination among main plan and sub-plans. Coordination is needed to perform all the functions of management starting from planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. Communication brings about good understanding. The manager should use a group system to take decisions. In olden days, the enterprise was divided into departments such as – purchase, production, sales, finance and accounts. Coordination is the orderly synchronization of functions of various departments for achieving organizational goals. Content Guidelines 2. For example, Allwyn Company, established in 1942, was the first company to produce a double-decker bus. It is a hidden force which binds all the other functions of management. Due to Subordination of general interest to individual interest, it is difficult to achieve coÂordination in the absence of proper motivation. i. Co-ordination is not a separate function but the very essence of management. This is first principle of organisation and it expresses the principle in toto. (e) Retention of Managerial and Other Personnel: It has been pointed out that sound coordination has a significant effect on the development and retention of good personnel in business. Image Courtesy : vizteams.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Project-Management-2.jpg. vi. The presence of coordination becomes part of their job experience and hence can form a very useful part of their training”. Or, even if they can be produced, the suitable raw material may not be available. It binds the people of the organisation and their activities to ensure a smooth functioning of the work. The following are rather typical methods of coordination in organizations. it is common thread that runs through all activities such as purchase, sales, production and finance to ensure continuity in the working of the organization. Newman, “Co-ordination is a part of all phases of administration and that it is not a separate and distinct activity.” Administration is possible only when various activities of the enterprise are properly co-ordinated. He will direct in such a way that the achievement of overall organisational objectives is ensured. Different managerial functions are also used to attain organisational goals. (iv) In directing function, co-ordination is required between superior and subordinate, between orders, instructions, guidelines, etc. The essence of coordination in management can be understood by the following functions of management: 1. The development of data processing devices are of utmost use for facilitating quick communication. Coordination is considered as the essence of management because of following reasons. Co-ordination becomes difficult to achieve. The staffing function can also help in proper co-ordination. Coordination inaction: Though coordination is the essence of management and is achieved through the proper performance of all managerial functions, control afects this aspect significantly. (iv) Co-ordination in Directing: In Directing, coordination is required. Variation in Managerial Functions – Managerial functions are not static and constant. Coordination is (a) a management function. Ask for details ; Follow Report by Rekhadixit2982 19.02.2019 Log in to add a comment In 15 years I need to able to break Sachins record of 100 centuries. 6. 2. Effective Coordination Principles 9. No order to coordinate can achieve coordination. This happens because through coordination, duplication of efforts is prevented and the time and energy thus saved are better utilized in more creative tasks. 2. It is a key of all managerial functions. Coordination is considered as the essence of management because of following reasons. Meaning and Definitions Provided by Newman, Henry Fayol, Ordway Tead, George Terry, Koontz and OâDonnell, Henry Fayol, “To co-ordinate is to harmonise all the activities of a person in order to facilitate its working and its success.” Co-ordination is necessary to enable, Coordination â Objectives: Reconciliation of Goals, Total Accomplishment, Economy and Efficiency, Good Personal Relations, Retention of Managerial and Other Personnel. When various functions are properly planned and various policies are integrated then co-ordination will be easily achieved. Coordination can be defined as “Synchronization of efforts from the stand-point of time and the sequence of execution”. 2. Under such a situation co-ordination becomes a problem. It needs to exist in some manner -- formal or informal. explain coordination success or coordination failure and, hence, is independent from a specific level of analysis. The method of achieving coordination is largely horizontal, althÂough vertical coordination in a large organisation cannot be ignored. The theory of CMM was developed in the mid-1970s by W. Barnett Pearce (1943–2011) and Vernon E. Cronen. According to McFarland “if job satisfaction are present, executives will tend to remain longer with the company. iv. Request PDF | On Dec 1, 2016, W.S. It is neither a function nor an objective of an organisation. Modern management experts Koontz and O’Donnell are also the supporters of this line of thinking, and it is only in this relation that they have stated, “Coordination is the essence of management.